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Snake Plant

If you’re looking for an easy-care houseplant, then snake plant is appropriate for you. Snake plants are still trendy plants due to their adaptability and growing nature in different conditions. About the plant These stylish evergreen succulents are very adaptable […]
Snake plant

If you’re looking for an easy-care houseplant, then snake plant is appropriate for you.

Snake plants are still trendy plants due to their adaptability and growing nature in different conditions.

About the plant

These stylish evergreen succulents are very adaptable in nature. Snake plants can thrive well with little to no maintenance. The botanical name of this plant is Sansevieria Trifasciata, and it is commonly known as snake plant or mother-in-law’s tongue. Viper’s bowstring hemp is a nickname of the snake plant. The Sansevieria Trifasciata plant is from the Asparagaceae family. 

Snake plants have been kept as a treasure all over the world.

In China, it associated with the eight gods bestowed their virtues like long life, prosperity, beauty, art, poetry, health, intelligence and strength.

In Nigeria, the plant was associated with Ogun, the deity of war.

In some parts of Africa, it is associated with Oya, the storms bringer.

Snake plants are pretty famous all over the world.

Overview of the plant

Snake plants have beautiful slender shaped stiff, straight upwards sword-like foliages with golden, yellowish or silver linings or streaks on the leaves.

These attractive foliages provide a modern and unique look to your house or office. These plants are very tall, and they can grow up to the height of 6-8 inches t0 12 feet anywhere. 

Snake plants are hard to kill and very tolerant. They can live for years.

They have some benefits also. These plants provide a soothing ambience.

Growth preferred area

These plants are drought resistant. They can thrive in bright to low light or in darker places also. These plants require little water to survive. They don’t prefer sitting in the water. They prefer warm and moist locations.

These plants can be grown in both indoor and outdoor locations.

Origin

These evergreen plants are native to Africa, southern Asia and Madagascar. Snake plants thrive in both tropical and subtropical areas.

Botanical nameSansevieria Trifasciata
Common namesSnake plant, Mother-in-law’s tongue, viper’s bowstring hemp
FamilyAsparagaceae
GenusDracaena
SpeciesAround 70
Plant TypeSucculent
Mature size6 inches – 12 feet
Native areaAsia and Africa
Suitable locationBoth indoor & outdoor
Sun exposureFull sun, low sun or shade
WaterLow water needs
Temperature70-90
HumidityHigh humid
Soil TypeLoamy soil

The cost of the plant

The cost of the plant will be around $15-$80 or more. Prices may vary according to the species and the place you live.

How much does seed cost?

The cost of the seeds is $4-$12 or more. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.

Varieties

These evergreen plants have around 70 species. The most common type that is grown by gardeners is Sansevieria Trifasciata.

Here are some of the varieties-

  • Sansevieria GoldenHahnii
  • Sansevieria Cylindrical snake plant
  • Sansevieria Laurentii
  • Sansevieria Trifasciata (Mother-in-law’s tongue)
  • Sansevieria Twist (green or yellow variegated foliages)
  • Sansevieria  Futura Robusta
  • Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Bantel’s Sensation’
  • Sansevieria Desertii
  • Sansevieria Gracilis
  • Sansevieria Canaliculata
  • Sansevieria patens
  • Sansevieria Fischeri
  • Sansevieria Masoniana
  • Sansevieria Black gold
  • Sansevieria Moonshine
  • Sansevieria Masoniana Mason’s congo
  • Sansevieria Kirkii (star Sansevieria)
  •  Sansevieria ballyi
  •  Sansevieria Ehrenbergii (Blue Sansevieria)
  •  Sansevieria cleopatra
  •  Sansevieria Parva (kenya hyacinth)
  •  Sansevieria Eilensis chahin
  •  Sansevieria Zeylanica (Ceylon bowstring hemp)
  •  Sansevieria Whitney

Snake plant care guide

Snake plants are easy to grow, and they are indestructible plants. These plants thrive and remain alive in any condition.

In proper condition, snake plants can thrive faster and thoroughly.

Here, are the few care tips for Snake plants

Sunlight

These plants can thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. They can also thrive in low light or almost in dark locations.

Bright light helps the plant to grow well and faster.

Water

As like other houseplants, these plants prefer water only when the top surface of the soil gets dry. Avoid overwatering these plants. During winter, reduce watering.

Watering once in a month or 15 days will be enough. Make sure the pot has a proper drainage hole.

Temperature

Snake plants prefer warmer conditions. They prefer temperature ranging from 55°F-90°F (12°C-35°C) An ideal temperature for these plants is 65℉-85℉ (22°C-30°C).

Protect these plants from drafts. Avoid temperature below 50°F (10°C).

Humidity

These plants prefer a humid region.  They thrive well in steamy wet conditions. To maintain the humid level, around the plant, you can place a humidifier or regular misting will help to keep the humidity.

Best place to keep this plant is the bathroom and kitchen because the humid level always remains higher in these places.

Fertilizer

These plants prefer liquid diluted fertilizer in their growing season.

Don’t fertilize them in the winter season.  

Toxicity

Snake plants are considered as a safe houseplant, but still, it has mild toxicity. If it is ingested, it can cause numbness or swell on the tongue, nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea. It is better to keep it out of the reach of the children and pets for their safety.

Pests and problems

Mealybugs and spider mites can infest snake plants. To eliminate them you can wash the plant under running water, or you can use insecticidal soapy water.

Another way is to increase the humidity around the plant because humidity keeps away pests.

Common Problems

Root rot: Root rot is one of the most common issues that snake plants face. Overwatering causes root rot. Avoid overwatering and prevent root rot.

If you notice your plant is suffering from root rot, then allow the plant to dry out completely and avoid watering till it dry. If the plant continues to rot then prune all the dry and dead leaves and repot your plant in fresh soil.

Repotting and propagation

The best time to repot the plants are at the starting of the spring.

Always choose a bigger pot than the previous one to repot your plant.

Propagation

Snake plants are easy to propagate, they produce rhizomes, so they get divided smoothly and effortlessly.

Propagate these plants in summer to spring. The newly potted plants grow well during summer to spring as they are growing season. 

Some easiest way to propagate your snake plant is by using the leaf-cutting method, division method and water method.

Here are the steps:

Leaf-cutting method:

Step 1: Cut 2-3 inches of leaves.

Step 2:  Place them about 1 inch deep in a pot filled with appropriate soil.

Step 3: Wait a couple of weeks, and you will notice roots growing from the leaf cuttings.

Division method:

Step 1: Remove the whole plant from the pot.

Step 2: Gently divide the plant into two sections, take help of a knife to separate the roots.

Step 3: Place the new stalks in new pots filled with proper potting soil.

Step 4: Mist the plant to maintain a humid level and provide proper growing conditions.

Water method:

Step 1: Cut a leaf from the base of the plant.

Step 2: Place it in a glass or container filled with water.

Step 3: Change the water after a few days.

Step 4: Once it starts developing roots, put it in fresh soil.

Pruning

Pruning is essential to encourage new growth and to maintain the beauty of the plant.

Prune the dead and dying leaves of the plant, and it keeps the plant healthy and fresh looking.

Benefits of the Snake plant

Snake plants not only beautiful foliages but also have numerous health benefits.

The NASA clean air study found that snake plants have the ability to purify the indoor atmosphere.

  • These succulents filter indoor air, even at night also.
  • The best quality of these plants is they can convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. Only a few plants have this quality. This quality makes it an ideal houseplant for the bedroom.
  • Snake plants also remove toxic pollutants from the air.
  • These plants have the ability to absorb cancer-causing pollutants from the air such as benzene, formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, xylene and toluene.

They also prevent airborne allergies.

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