Pothos plant is the most convenient of all houseplants. They are undemanding, easy to care, and can flourish in a wide range of environments.
About the plant
The botanical name of Pothos plant is Epipremnum aureum. It is commonly known as Pothos, Golden Pothos, Devil’s Ivy, Devil’s vine, silver vine, Taro vine, hunter’s robe, Ivy arum.
These plants are from the Araceae family, and they are the species of the flowering plant.
Overview of the plant
Pothos are tropical forest plants. They are like trailing vine and have attractive heart-shaped leaves.
These plants are perfect for those who don’t have time to take care of their houseplants.
Pothos plants can thrive in any growing condition. They can grow huge, but the tamer version of Pothos is grown indoors.
These plants can grow 6-1o feet indoors.
Growth preferred area
Pothos plant can flourish well in numerous growing environments. These plants prefer bright and indirect light. They prefer dry and nutrient-rich soil. These plants can also grow in water.
These plants are native to Mo’orea, the island of French Polynesia society. The plant becomes naturalized in tropical and subtropical forest regions worldwide such as northern Australia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and in various islands of the Indian ocean and pacific ocean. The species of this plant are prevalent in temperate regions.
|Botanical name||Epipremnum aureum|
|Common names||Pothos, Golden Pothos, Devil’s Ivy, Devil’s vine, Silvervine, Taro vine, hunter’s robe, Ivy arum|
|Plant Type||Trailing vine|
|Mature size||6 to 10 feet|
|Native area||Mo’orea, Southeast Asia, South Asia, northern Australia, and islands of the Indian ocean and pacific ocean.|
|Sun exposure||Bright to moderate|
|Soil type||Well-drained soil|
The cost of the plant
The cost of the plant will be around INR 150-800 or more. Prices may vary according to the species and the size of the vines.
How much does seed cost?
The cost of the seeds will be around $13-20 or more. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.
Pothos plant has numerous varieties with different types of foliages and patterns.
Here are the varieties of some Pothos:
- Golden Pothos
- Marble Queen Pothos
- Manjula Pothos
- Neon Pothos
- Jade Pothos
- Cebu blue Pothos
- Pearls and jade Pothos
- Silver/ satin Pothos
- Glacier Pothos
- Jessenia Pothos
- Trebi Pothos
- N-joy Pothos
- Hawaiin Pothos
- Marble Prince Pothos
Pothos plant care guide
Pothos plant are undemanding plants, but if proper conditions are provided, they can grow very well and fast.
Here, are the few care tips for Pothos plant
They can tolerate a wide range of light conditions. They prefer bright and indirect sunlight though they can also thrive well in low light conditions and even in dark areas.
Pothos with green leaves can do well in low light, but variegated Pothos may not thrive in low light and can lose their variegation.
Sudden pale-looking leaves imply that the plant is getting too much sunlight. Avoid placing them under direct sunlight.
Pothos plants prefer to have their top surface of the soil dry out completely between waterings. They prefer moist but not waterlogged or saturated, so make sure the pot has a proper drainage hole in the bottom of the pot.
Overwatering can cause root rot and can also lead to sudden decay or withered of the plant.
Watering the plant once in 1-2 weeks will be enough.
Pothos prefer average room temperature. The plant should be kept in temperature ranges between 18°C-30°C (65℉-85℉) and should not be kept below 10°C (5o ° F).
They prefer high humidity but can grow under low humidity as well.
Pothos plants are not heavy feeders but to encourage faster growth, fertilize Pothos twice a year. Feed them with a liquid fertilizer every six months.
A significant drawback of these most natural flourishing plants is, they are poisonous. Even the entire plant is considered toxic.
Pothos is marked as a highly toxic plant for pets by ASAP, due to the presence of insoluble raphides in it.
If pets consume, it can show symptoms like oral irritation, difficulty in swallowing, and vomiting in pets.
This plant is mildly toxic to humans due to the presence of calcium oxalate. If a human ingests it, it can show symptoms such as swelling or burning sensation around or inside the mouth.
Pests and problems
Mealybugs and scales can attack your Pothos. To get rid of these insects, spray insecticidal soapy water and wipe your plant with a damp cloth, or you can use neem oil.
Root rot: Root rot caused by overwatering, and it is one of the common mistakes. It is also generated if the pot hasn’t a proper drainage hole.
To avoid this problem, reduce watering the plants and make sure a drainage hole is present in the pot.
Brown foliages: If the leaves of your Pothos are getting brown, it implies that the air around your plant is dry or you’re watering your plant with too cold water.
Brown spot on the edges of the leaves indicates that the plant is not getting enough water.
Yellowing leaves: Overwatering or waterlogged is the leading cause of yellowing leaves.
Overwatering can create lots of problems, to avoid these problems watered your plant only when the 2 inches of soil dry out completely.
Repotting and propagation
When roots begin blocking the drainage hole in the pot, then it’s time to repot your plant. Spring and summer season is ideal for repotting the plant.
Step 1: Bring out the entire plant from the previous pot.
Step 2: Fill the new pot with potting mix. (New pot should be bigger than the previous one).
Step 3: Now, place the root ball in the pot and fill the remaining half pot with the potting mix.
Pothos are very easy to propagate. You don’t have to put lots of effort into propagating this plant.
The stem cutting is the easiest method to propagate.
Here are the steps:
Stem cutting in soil method:
Step 1: Cut a fresh and healthy-looking stem with some fresh leaves on it and at least two growth nodes.
Step 2: The stem should be 4-6 inches long and trim form just below the root node.
Step 3: Now, place the cutting in a pot filled with potting soil.
Step 4: Provide the right amount of sunlight, water, and temperature.
Roots will start developing after one to three months.
Stem cutting in water method:
Step 1: Cut a healthy stem with 2-4 fresh leaves intact with the stem.
Step 2: Place the cutting in a container filled with fresh water.
Step 3: Provide them with sufficient amounts of indirect sunlight.
Note: Once you propagate Pothos in water or soil, it’s best to keep them growing in the same conditions because plants find it difficult and struggling to switch to other growing medium conditions.
Trim dried and dead leaves to maintain its beauty. You can also trim the vines if they get too long.
To encourage bushy growth, you can trim the tip of the vine. The best time to prune Pothos is during the spring season.
Benefits of the pothos
- Pothos plant can eliminate toxins from the surrounding air. According to NASA, Pothos can remove toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide, toluene, xylene from the air.
- According to Malaysian study, this plant can absorb CO2 and ozone.
- A study in Japan claims that touching the leaves of Pothos helps to calm the mind and provide peace.
- They also help to alleviate eye irritation caused by constant staring at screens.