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Nerve Plant

About the plant Nerve plant is a tropical houseplant that has wonderful foliages. The botanical name of this plant is Fittonia, but it is popularly known as a mosaic plant, Nerve plant, or painted net leaf. The name Fittonia is […]
Nerve Plant - All you need to know!
Nerve Plant

About the plant

Nerve plant is a tropical houseplant that has wonderful foliages.

The botanical name of this plant is Fittonia, but it is popularly known as a mosaic plant, Nerve plant, or painted net leaf.

The name Fittonia is given after the name of the botanist Elizabeth and Sarah Fitton(two Irish sisters), who discovered the plant in the 19th century.

The plant is a genus of flowering plants and is a member of the Acanthaceae family.

These plants are low growing creepers and mostly thrive in tropical regions.

Overview of the plant

This beautiful plant has eye-catchy and mesmerizing foliages with a variety of colours, from deep green to pink, white, and silvery-white.  Some patterns can be seen on the leaves.

Nerve plants are perfect for bottle gardens and terrariums.

Flowers blooming on the mosaic plant are rare when grown indoors, but sometimes it flourishes with some reddish, yellowish, and white blossoms. To expect blossoms over your Nerve plant is like expecting crops to be grown in a barren land.  

Nerve plants are perfect for house and office because they are small houseplants that look outstanding on your tabletops, enhancing the beauty of your house or workplace when the plant swings on a hanging basket.

Growth preferred area

It’s a bit tricky to provide an appropriate growing condition for Nerve plants.

These plants require high humidity, indirect sunlight, and appropriate water. They don’t prefer stagnant conditions.

Origin

Nerve plants are native to South America’s tropical rainforest, mainly in the Peru region. 

They are also found growing in the northwestern Amazon basin, Columbia, northern brazil, and bolivia.

Botanical nameFittonia
Common namesMosaic plant, Nerve plant, Painted net leaf
FamilyAcanthaceae
GenusFittonia
SpeciesNumerous
Plant TypeEvergreen perennial
Mature size3-6 inches in height
Native areaSouth America
Suitable locationIndoor
Sun exposureBright and indirect sunlight
WaterMaintain moist soil
Temperature18°C-30°C (65℉-85℉)
HumidityHigh humidity (>50%)
Soil typeWell-drained

The cost of the plant

The cost of the plant will be around $10-$25 or more. Prices may vary according to the species and the size of the vines.

How much does seed cost?

The cost of the seeds will be around $1-4 or more. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.

Varieties

There is a wide range of colourful varieties of Nerve plants available.

The two most common types of Nerve plant are readily available in every nursery, they are

Fittonia argyroneura and fittonia albivenis.

Here is the list of some varieties:

  • Fittonia Angel snow
  • Fittonia silver
  • Fittonia Black star
  • Fittonia Daisy
  • Fittonia Fortissimo
  • Fittonia Frankie
  • Fittonia Josan
  • Fittonia Juanita
  • Fittonia leather leaf
  • Fittonia Mini red vein
  • Fittonia Mini superba
  • Fittonia Mini white
  • Fittonia Pink Angel
  • Fittonia pink star
  • Fittonia Pink vein
  • Fittonia Purple vein
  • Fittonia Red Anne
  • Fittonia Red star
  • Fittonia Red Vein
  • Fittonia Ruby red
  • Fittonia Strives forever
  • Fittonia Superba Nerve
  • Fittonia Titanic
  • Fittonia pink Nerve
  • Fittonia white brocade.

Nerve plant care guide

These tropical rainforest plants require proper growing conditions. They need almost similar conditions they found in a tropical rainforest.

Nerve plants can reach up to 6 inches (15cm ), and the beautiful leaves reach up to 4 inches in height. 

Here, are the few care tips for Nerve plant

Sunlight

Nerve plants prefer bright but indirect sunlight. They don’t prefer direct sun rays. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, or may it turn the leaves crispy and brown.

This plant can also thrive well in artificial light.

Water

The plant prefers moist conditions. To provide this condition, make sure to give an appropriate amount of water to the plant.

These plants are prone to collapse if they don’t get proper water and if allowed to dry out, but thoroughly watering the plant can quickly revive the plant back. They prefer well-drained moist soil but not soggy.

Temperature

As you know, they are native to tropics, so they prefer warm temperatures, but they also do well in average room temperature ranges between 16°C-26°C (60℉-80℉). Protect them from cold drafts. 

Humidity

These plants thrive well in a high humidity environment. Misting is the best way to provide proper moisture. They flourish beautifully in humid terrariums. Without adequate humidity, these plants get wither very quickly.

An ideal humid temperature for these plants will be 60-70%.

Fertilizer

Feed Nerve plants with liquid fertilizer on a weekly basis during it’s growing season. Fertilizing them twice a year will be enough for these plants.

Toxicity

These plants are non-toxic to humans as well as pets.

Pests and problems

Nerve plants are not prone to disease, but still, beautiful foliages can attract mealybugs, aphids, fungus, or spider mites, so keep an eye on your plant. 

If you notice any pests problem, treat them immediately to prevent your plant from further damage.

You can use an insecticidal soap or neem oil to get rid of these pests.

Common Problems:

  • Crispy tips: If you notice a crispy tip on the plant, it can be due to under watering or poor humidity levels.
  • Yellow leaves: The yellow leaves on the Nerve plant indicates that either the plant is getting too much water or suffering from poor drainage. These two reasons turn the foliage yellow colour.
  • Leaf drops: Leaf drops are caused due to the cold temperature or sudden changes in the climate.

Repotting and propagation

Every year repot the Nerve plant to keep the soil refresh. Repotting helps to grow the plant.

Repotting process:

Step 1: Take out the entire plant from the pot.

Step 2: Plant it in a new pot half-filled with well-drained moist potting soil.

Step 3: Now, fill the remaining half of the pot.

Propagation

Nerve plants can easily be propagated by stem cutting method and leaf-cutting method.

Here are the steps:

Stem cutting method:

Step 1: Cut a healthy stem with at least two nodes attached to it.

Step 2: Fill the pot or container with proper potting mix and place the plant. (You can plant the cutting in water or soil)

Step 3: Keep the plant in a warm and humid location and keep the soil moist, not soggy. 

Step 4: Roots will appear within 2-3 weeks.

Leaf-cutting method:

Step 1: Cut a healthy and fresh leaf from your Nerve plant.

Step 2: Place it in a container filled with fresh water.

Step 3: Keep it in a humid location under filtered sunlight and make sure to change the water whenever it seems dirty.

Step 4: Within 2-8 weeks, roots will appear.

 Pruning

Nerve plants spread quickly in suitable conditions. To keep the growth bushy prune the tip of the stem.

Benefits of the Nerve plant

Nerve plants have some qualities to purify the indoor environment.

  • The plant raises the humidity level.
  • These plants help to reduce the level of some pollutants present in the air, such as carbon dioxide, benzene, nitrogen dioxide.
  • They also help to reduce the airborne dust levels. 
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