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Dieffenbachia plant

Must have heard about Dieffenbachia plant. It is quite a common and popular houseplant. Dieffenbachia is the easiest houseplant to grow. You don’t need to put much effort. About the plant Dieffenbachia is a perfect living home decor plant for […]
Dieffenbachia Plant

Must have heard about Dieffenbachia plant. It is quite a common and popular houseplant.

Dieffenbachia is the easiest houseplant to grow. You don’t need to put much effort.

About the plant

Dieffenbachia is a perfect living home decor plant for everyone.

Dieffenbachia is the botanical name of this plant. It is commonly known as dumb cane, leopard lily, and mother-in-law’s tongue.

The plant is a genus of tropical flowering plants, and it belongs to the family of Araceae.

Dieffenbachia plant is a tropical shrub with attractive long and broad foliages. The plant is cultivated as ornamental plants.

Overview of the plant

This perennial herbaceous plant has a straight stem, and the stem is full of simple, alternate leaves with white, creamy, and yellow spots or streaks on it, that stripes make the plant more attractive and the first choice for indoor decor.

Dieffenbachia plant shows off its lush green broad foliages. The coloured streaks on the foliages make the plant look amazing, even without flowers.

Those white, yellow, creamy shaded marks or stripes on the leaves bring luster to the house’s dark corner.

Dumb Cane Plants Indoors - Dieffenbachia Amoena
Dieffenbachia Plant

Growth preferred area

Like other indoor plants, they also require bright and indirect sunlight. They prefer moisture, high humidity, and appropriate water to thrive well.

Origin

Dieffenbachia plants became naturalized in a few tropical islands. These plants are native to Mexico, South West Indies, and Argentina.

Botanical nameDieffenbachia Amoena
Common namesDumb cane, leopard lily, and mother-in-law’s tongue
FamilyAraceae
GenusDieffenbachia
SpeciesMany species
Plant TypePerennial herbaceous
Mature size6feet
Native areaMexico, Argentina, and the West Indies
Suitable locationIndoor
Sun exposurebright – part shade (avoid the direct sun)
WaterModerate
Temperature65℉-75℉ (18°C-24°C)
HumidityHigh humidity

The cost of the plant

The cost of the plant will be around INR 400-80o or more. Prices may vary according to the species and the place you live.

How much does seed cost?

The cost of the seeds will be around INR 500-700 per packet. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.

Varieties

The plantDieffenbachia has many varieties. Here are some of them-

  • Dieffenbachia aglaonematifolia
  • Dieffenbachia aurantiaca
  • Dieffenbachia antioquensis
  • Dieffenbachia beachiana
  • Dieffenbachia bowmannii
  • Dieffenbachia brittonii
  • Dieffenbachia burgeri
  • Dieffenbachia cannifolia
  • Dieffenbachia concinna
  • Dieffenbachia copensis
  • Dieffenbachia cordata
  • Dieffenbachia daguensis
  • Dieffenbachia costata 
  • Dieffenbachia cerebri pistillata
  • Dieffenbachia davidsei
  • Dieffenbachia duidae
  • Dieffenbachia enderi
  • Dieffenbachia elegans
  • Dieffenbachia fosteri
  • Dieffenbachia fortunesis
  • Dieffenbachia fournieri
  • Dieffenbachia gracilis
  • Dieffenbachia galdamesiae
  • Dieffenbachia grayumiana
  • Dieffenbachia hammelii
  • Dieffenbachia herthae
  • Dieffenbachia horichii
  • Dieffenbachia humilis
  • Dieffenbachia imperialis
  • Dieffenbachia isthmia
  • Dieffenbachia killipii
  • Dieffenbachia lancifolia
  • Dieffenbachia leopoldii
  • Dieffenbachia longispatha
  • Dieffenbachia lutheri
  • Dieffenbachia macrophylla
  • Dieffenbachia meleagris
  • Dieffenbachia nitidio petiolata
  • Dieffenbachia obliqua
  • Dieffenbachia oerstedii
  • Dieffenbachia obscurinervia
  • Dieffenbachia olbia
  • Dieffenbachia panamensis
  • Dieffenbachia paludicola
  • Dieffenbachia parlatorei
  • Dieffenbachia parvifolia
  • Dieffenbachia pittieri
  • Dieffenbachia standleyi
  • Dieffenbachia seguine
  • Dieffenbachia shuttleworthiana
  • Dieffenbachia tonduzii
  • Dieffenbachia weberbaueri
  • Dieffenbachia weirii
  • Dieffenbachia wendlandii
  • Dieffenbachia wurdackii
  • Dieffenbachia williamsii
  • Dieffenbachia Camilla
  • Dieffenbachia Exotica
  • Dieffenbachia Amoena
  • Dieffenbachia Oerstedii
  • Dieffenbachia Bausei
  • Dieffenbachia Bowmannii

Dieffenbachia plant care guide

These plants can flourish well and healthily if it is given appropriate growing conditions.

Here, are the few care tips for Dieffenbachia plant

Sunlight

Dieffenbachia plants prefer bright to moderate filtered sunlight. Filtered sunlight is particularly necessary during summer and spring because during these seasons, the sun’s heat is at its peak, and direct sun can scorch the leaves.

Keep rotating the plant weekly so that each and every side of the plant gets adequate sunlight.

Water

These plants always like to stay moist. They prefer regular watering but don’t want to be wet and saturated for extended periods.

The watering routine needs to be changed according to the season. In summer, this plant requires water more often, and in winter, avoid watering frequently. During winters, let the soil dry out completely between watering.

Temperature

They prefer warm temperatures. They can flourish well in temperature ranges between 4°C-35°C (40℉-90℉), but an ideal temperature for this plant is 65-75 ºF (18-23 ºC).

They can thrive in low temperatures as well, but the growth of the plant gets reduced and slower. Avoid temperatures below 4°C (50°F).

Humidity

They prefer high humidity; misting is the best way to maintain humidity level around the plant. There is one more way to keep the plant moist. Place the plant in a pebble-filled water tray.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing this plant encourages more growth and faster growth. Feed your Dieffenbachia once or twice a year.

Dieffenbachia plants prefer an all-purpose fertilizer. Every indoor plant needs to be fed during the growing season.

Toxicity

Dieffenbachia is poisonous for both humans and pets. The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals if the plant is ingested, it can numb your throat and vocal cords or cause swelling in the throat.

The sap of the plant can cause irritation to the skin. 

If you encounter the sap of the plant, immediately wash your hands thoroughly and keep the plant far from your pet and children.

Pests and problems

Keep an eye on your Dieffenbachia, scales, spider mites or aphids can attack your plant. They attack when the humid level gets low.

To eradicate this pest problem, use insecticidal soap spray and neem oil. 

Common Problems:

Brown leaf: If you notice brown leaves or edges of leaves are getting brown, it indicates underwatering or overwatering.

Many indoor plants die due to overwatering. Avoid overwatering and let the soil dry between watering.

Leaf turns yellow and leaf drops: It’s a typical aging sign, but when more leaves turn yellow and start falling, it can be a matter of concern and can be caused due to low temperature and consistent watering.

Repotting and propagation

Repotting is required to encourage fast growth. When you notice the entire pot is filled with roots, then there is a need to repot the plant. 

Repotting process:

Step 1: Take out the plant gently and prepare a pot to keep the plant.

Step 2: Fill the new pot with potting mix and place the plant.

Step 3: Now- filled the remaining pot with soil.

Step 4: Provide proper, growing conditions.

Propagation

Dieffenbachia plants are not difficult to propagate. One of the easiest ways to propagate this plant is by root cuttings.

Here are the steps:

Root /Stem cutting method:

Step 1: Cut 4-6 inches of long stem section.

Step 2: Remove all the leaves from the cutting.

Step 3: Pour fresh water in a container or glass and place the cutting into it.

Step 4: Keep changing the water every few days or so.

Step 5: Now place the glass in a warm and bright spot.

Step 6: Once the new roots start appearing, transplant the cuttings in a pot filled with a well-drained potting mix.

Pruning

Pruning is required to maintain the appearance of the plant. While pruning, always wear hand gloves in your hand and wash your hand thoroughly after pruning the plant. During pruning, don’t forget to wear garden gloves.

Benefits of the Dieffenbachia plant

Dieffenbachia plants can improve air quality and also remove chemical pollutants like acetone, benzene, formaldehyde, toluene form an indoor atmosphere. These plants can also absorb Carbon dioxide efficiently.

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