Are you a plant lover, but don’t have much time to take care of them. The cast-iron plant will be an excellent plant for you. These plants are durable and can survive in most extreme conditions.
About the plant
The botanical name of this plant is Aspidistra elatior. The plant is commonly known as the cast iron plant, Barroom, or Ballroom plant. The name cast iron is given to this plant for its ability to survive in a wide range of growing conditions and extreme conditions.
The plant is also known as Haran or Baran in Japanese.
These plants are very robust and can survive in low light, low humidity, and infrequent watering.
If you’re a forgetful plant lover, who forgets to give water and appropriate growing conditions, this is the perfect plant for you.
The cast-iron plant is a species of flowering plant in the Asparagaceae family. They are native to Japan and Taiwan.
Overview of the plant
This evergreen perennial houseplant has dark green, glossy and shiny foliages.
The plant can reach up to the height of 24inches (60cm) tall, and the glossy foliages grow about 12-2o inches (30-50cm) long.
Cast-iron plants are undemanding, and they can even survive the conditions in which other house plants wither and die.
The plant is related and also a member of the lily family. Small purple flowers also bloom on this plant, but they thrive near the soil surface, and those flowers aren’t visible easily because they get hidden in the foliages.
The plant has pointed, stiff dark green foliages. These plants are slow growers and take a long time to reach their mature size.
Growth preferred area
Cast-iron plants are tolerant plants and can thrive in conditions ranging from bright to low and low to dark. They thrive in very hot and dry summers, and they aren’t affected by cold drafts.
The plant gained massive popularity due to its low-maintenance.
The cast iron plant is native to the forests of Japan and Taiwan.
In the Victorian era, the plant gained a lot of popularity in Europe and America, and since then, people have known about the plan.
|Botanical name||Aspidistra elatior|
|Common names||Cast-iron plant, Barroom, or Ballroom plant|
|Mature size||2-3 feet (approx 60cm)|
|Native area||Japan and Taiwan|
|Sun exposure||Bright and indirect sunlight|
|Water||Moist (avoid overwatering)|
|Temperature||45°F-85° F (7°C-30°C)|
|Soil type||Well-drained and moist|
The cost of the plant
The cost of the plant will be around INR 500-2,000or more. Prices may vary according to the number of stalks and the size of the plant.
How much does seed cost?
The cost of the seeds will be around $8-$20 or more. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.
The cast iron plant has a total of three varieties. They are-
- Aspidistra elatior Okame
- Aspidistra elatior Ashahi
- Aspidistra elatior Lennon’s song.
Aspidistra elatior Okame has white and green variegated leaves instead of deep green. This variety is also known as Aspidistra elatior variegata.
Aspidistra elatior Ashahi has green foliages with white tips.
Aspidistra elatior Lennon’s song has green or yellow stripes on the leaves.
Cast-iron plant care guide
These plants can survive without any care, but still, if proper conditions are provided, they can thrive very well without facing any problem.
Here, are the few care tips for Cast iron plant
Cast-iron plants prefer bright but indirect sunlight. Keep the plant away from direct sunlight, and it can scorch its leaves. You can place the plant near a window.
These plants can also do well in low light or partial shade.
They are drought tolerant and can survive in less water but
Overwatering can cause root rot.
These plants also prefer to dry out completely between waterings and make sure the pot has drainage holes in the pot.
Cast-iron plants flourish well in warm temperatures. They favor temperature ranges between 45°F-85°F(7°C-30°C). This plant requires a temperature range of 70°F-75°F during the day and prefer 50°F-55°F during the night.
Humidity is not an issue for this plant, and they can thrive in any humid level.
These plants prefer fertilizing twice a week, especially during the growing season (spring-summer). Avoid feeding them too much fertilizer in the winter season. Overfertikiing can burn. The plant prefers liquid fertilizers.
According to the study reports of NASA, the cast-iron plant is non-toxic, but it should be kept out of the reach of the pets. So, that the pets can’t harm your plant.
Pests and problems
Pests like mealybugs or spider mites can affect your plant. Keep an eye on your plant, if you notice any pests on the plant, remove it using neem oil.
Your cast iron plant may suffer from leaf blotch. Leaf blotch causes the leaves’ black and brown spots, and the spots keep growing till the leaf falls.
In this case, remove all the spotted leaves so that the damage can’t grow further.
Brown edges: If you notice any brown edges on the leaves, it may cause if they are getting too much bright light.
Place them in a partial shadier place for some time.
Leaves turn yellow: The foliage of cast iron plants can turn yellow, it can be due to many reasons.
If your plant is exposed to cold conditions, it can turn the leaves yellow.
Overwatering is also one of the causes of leaves turning yellow.
Frequent repotting can also be the reason behind yellowing leaves.
Repotting and propagation
Repot your cast iron plant occasionally. They don’t prefer frequent repotting, and it can kill your plant.
Repotting once in three years will be enough.
Step 1: Take out the entire plant.
Step 2: Repot it in a bigger pot with standard potting soil.
You can propagate your cast iron plant by division method. The division method is straightforward to follow.
Step 1: Take rhizomes intact with at least two leaves.
Step 2: Place the rhizome into fresh standard potting soil.
Step 3: Keep the soil moist and provide warm temperature until shoots emerge.
Step 4: As you know, they are slow growers, so the new plant takes a long time to thrive. Keep some patience.
Pruning is not needed because these plants grow very slowly. If you want to prune, you can. Trim all the wither and dead leaves from the plant and maintain a fresh and healthy look.
Benefits of the Cast-iron plant
The cast-iron plant can improve the air quality by eliminating chemicals and pollutants from the atmosphere.
According to the NASA study, almost all indoor plants have the ability to purify the air and to eliminate chemicals such as benzene and formaldehyde. Cast iron plant is also one of them.