Calathea Plant are the best thing that people use to decorate their houses or office. Furnished homes and offices with plants give a fantastic greenery appearance and pleasant & fresh environment.
Mostly, people struggle to find easy-going plants for their home or office, which can add a pleasant look with easy maintenance and little care. Numerous plants are used for indoor decoration, but Calathea is the ideal plant for those who’re looking for plants that are easy to care and don’t require much hard work for maintaining it. Within a few years, these plants became very popular and desirable.
About the plant
Calathea plant is a popular tropical houseplant. These plants are highly used for indoor decoration purposes.
Calathea plants are more commonly known as cathedral plants or prayer-plants. People mislabeled it as a prayer plant because ‘Maranta’ is frequently called a prayer plant.
Usually, people mislabel it because calathea and maranta belong to the same family. So, these two plants are closely related to each other. Calathea plants are also called peacock plants, zebra plants, or rattlesnake plants.
The calathea plant comes under the family of Marantaceae. The family is often known as the Arrowroot family due to its large starchy rhizomes.
Overview of the plant
Calathea plants are mainly famous for their unique and attractive foliage and beautiful flowers.
They prefer low and indirect light, and this quality makes the plant perfect for indoor space. These plants can thrive within the conditions we could give them. Calathea plants are slow growers.
The broad leaves of the plants are the most attractive. These plants even look beautiful without the flowers. The highly decorated foliage found in nature is mostly from this plant.
The broad leaves of these plants are oval-shaped or narrow shaped and have different-different gorgeous markings or patterns on the leaves. It looks like some great artists have painted the designs over the foliage. The shape of the leaves and markings may vary according to their species.
Growth preferred areas
Calathea plant prefers warm, humid, semi-shaded areas with well-lit indirect lights. These plants won’t grow well in direct sunlight. Direct sunlight makes their beautiful, bright-colored foliage dull and faded.
Keep these types of plants under semi-shaded areas with indirect light and warm, humid temperatures. The best place to keep these plants is the window areas where they’ll get enough light as well as indirect light. Avoid putting them under direct sunlight. Otherwise, their leaves can get a sunburn. These plants can grow a maximum of about 2-3 feet. The leaves of the calathea plants can be as long as 15 inches or more.
Calathea plants are native to tropical South America (Colombia and Venezuela).
|Common names||Cathedral plants, rattlesnake plant, cigar calathea, striped calathea, zebra plant, rose-painted calathea, cathedral windows, peacock plant, etc.|
|Family||Marantaceae or Arrowroot family|
|Plant type||Indoor plant|
|Mature size||2-3 feet|
|Native area||South America|
Calathea plants have enormous varieties. Each variety has its unique pattern over the leaves. So, here is the list of some popular types of calathea plant.
● Calathea lancifolia (Rattlesnake Plant)
● Calathea lutea
● Calathea Makoyana (peacock plant)
● Calathea Orbifolia
● Calathea Ornata
● Calathea Ornata ‘Sanderiana’
● Calathea Picturata
● Calathea Roseopicta (Rose-painted calathea)
● Calathea Veitchiana
● Calathea Zebrina (Zebra Plant)
● Calathea Warscewiczii
● Calathea Rufibarba
● Calathea crocata
● Calathea Roseopicta ‘Dottie’
● Calathea Roseopicta ‘Rosey’
● Calathea Wiotiana
● Calathea Wallisii
● Calathea Vittata
Cost of the plant
Calathea plant can cost as cheap as INR 20 or as expensive as INR 1000 or more than 1000. The cost of the plant depends upon the species and size you want to buy. Prices may vary in online platforms and shops.
Cost of the seed of the plant
Calathea seeds can cost you $4-8. The cost of the seeds may vary according to its quantity and quality.
Calathea plant care guide
Calathea plants are easy to care and maintain. The right kind of care prevents your plant from getting dried or dying.
Here, are the few care tips for calathea plants
Calathea is a tropical plant, so it doesn’t prefer direct sunlight. Direct sunlight can cause sunburns over the leaves and can make the color of the leaves faded and dull. May scorching sun make your calathea leaves lose the markings.
Avoid keeping the plant in direct sunlight. You can keep it anywhere else indoors, but the best place to keep it will be the window area. Make sure the plant gets enough lights. The semi-shaded area also will be a better choice for your calathea. Avoid keeping it in very dark areas.
Water is essential for plants, but that doesn’t mean over-watering will make the plant grow more quickly. Overwatering is a big mistake that nearly everybody makes.
Calathea prefers to be moist all the time, but the plant neither wants to be wet all the time nor wishes to float in water. So, avoid pouring so much water.
Regular water these plants but less water. Whenever the above surface of the soil starts dry pour water. Especially in the growing seasons make sure that the plant gets enough water, and the soil remains moist. In winter, reduce watering and avoid pouring cold water.
Calathea plants require high humidity to maintain a healthy and attractive look. If you failed to provide them with enough moisture, they could wither. Maintaining the correct humidity is a bit difficult so, to maintain humidity, you can mist the leaves regularly and keep the soil moist, or you can use an electronic humidifier.
The ideal temperature for calathea plants is 18°C- 24°C(65°-75°F). Make sure the temperature never goes below 15°C (60°F). An unexpected change in temperature can harm the plant.
Spring and summer are ideal for adding fertilizer. Adding fertilizer to the plant once or twice a month is enough. Avoid fertilizing in the winter season.
Calathea plants are non-poisonous to humans and pets. You can keep Calathea plants at home without any worries.
Pests and problems
Spider mites are the most common pests for calathea. Mealybugs and aphids like pests also destroy the plants. Neem oil is the best option to eradicate pests from plants.
Overwatering calathea leads to fungal and bacterial diseases. Fungal and bacterial diseases can cause black or dark spots on leaves. To treat and save your calathea from these diseases, you need to repot it in a new fresh potting.
Repotting and propagation
Repotting the plants provides them space to spread. The Spring season is best for repotting. Repotting once in a year or two years is enough.
Steps for repotting the plant:
Step 1: Gently and slightly divide the plant into half or smaller sections(in case of a large plant).
Step 2: Now, put each of them in a new pot separately. (Make sure each division has original roots).
Step 3: Now, provide them with a shady, warm, moist, and environment with enough humidity. To ensure this type of condition, cover the plants with plastic.
Step 4: Remove the plastic once you notice new growth. (New growth can be seen within a month).
Calathea plants don’t need pruning, but you need to cut brown & yellowed crispy or dead leaves.