Would you like to add a beautiful flowering plant among your greenery plants to enhance your indoor beauty? Begonia plant will be an excellent choice for you. Begonia plants are some of the easiest houseplants to grow indoors.
About the plant
The botanical name of this plant is Begonia. It is also known as Bedding begonias, Wax begonias, or Annual Begonia.
Begonia is the genus of flowering plants. It belongs to the Begoniaceae family, and this genus has more than 1,000 different plant species.
Begonia is one of the most abundant genera of flowering plants because it contains around 1,831. Among 1,831 species, some are terrestrial herbs or undershrubs.
Overview of the plant
Begonia plant is quite famous as an ornamental houseplant. Some species are grown indoors while some are outdoors.
During summer, Begonia is grown outside to enhance the colour more bright.
The plant is eye-catchy because it has beautiful, attractive foliages along with bright frilly flowers.
These plants grow quickly and fill the vase or garden space with mesmerizing bright flowers and fancy foliages.
Begonias come in countless colours, sizes, and shapes. They are categorized by their root structure. Here, is the root structures of Begonia-
- Fibrous rooted
- Hardy begonias
Fibrous type of Begonia mostly grown for their flowers rather than foliages.
Fibrous and tuberous types of Begonia grown annually in garden beds widely.
Tuberous begonias have colourful flowers, and they look amazing while hanging from a basket.
Cane begonia is commonly known as angel wing begonias. This type of begonias has tall bamboo-like stems with slender teardrop leaves. They have a cluster of small white, pink, red flowers.
Rhizomatous begonias have stubby stems, which are known as a rhizome. This type of begonias has the most beautiful foliages in terms of colour, texture, shape, and size.
Rex types of begonias are a bit difficult to grow.
Growth preferred area
Begonia plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions. They favoured almost the same condition they get in tropics and subtropical areas.
They are a bit specific about light and water conditions.
These plants can flourish in all tropical and subtropical regions. They originated in Africa, southern Asia, and South & Central America.
|Common names||Wax begonias, Bedding begonias, or Annual begonia.|
|Plant Type||Evergreen tropical and subtropical plant|
|Mature size||6-24 inches(inches may vary according to the species of the plant).|
|Native area||Tropical and subtropical regions in Africa, southern Asia, and South & Central America.|
|Suitable location||Indoor & outdoor both|
|Sun exposure||Full sun-part shade|
|Water||Moderate (avoid overwatering)|
|Temperature||Avoid the temperature below 60F60°F(16°C)|
|Soil type||Well-drained and moist soil|
The cost of the plant
The cost of the plant will be around INR 2oo-1,000 or more. Prices may vary according to the species and the place you live.
How much does seed cost?
The cost of the seeds will be around INR 100-200 or more. The price of the seeds varies upon the quality and the quantity of the seeds.
The plant has more than 1000 species. Each species requires different light and water conditions.
- Charm Begonia
- Solenia dusty rose Begonia
- Richmond Begonia
- Non stop Mocca yellow Begonia
- Non stop Rose Begonia
- Ambassador series Begonia
- Cocktail series Begonia
- Doublet White Begonia
- Torch pink Begonia
- Rex Begonia
- Hardy begonias
- Begonia Maculata Wightii
- Begonia Martha Stewart
- Begonia Paso Doble
- Begonia Richardsiana
- Begonia Autumn Ember
- Begonia brevirimosa
- Rex Begonia fireworks
- Rex Begonia wenke sunbelt.
Begonia plant care guide
If provided appropriate growing conditions, these houseplants can grow up to 6-24 inches of height. The length of this plant also depends on the variety.
Here, are the few care tips for Begonia plant
Begonia prefers bright sun to shade. Which type of light condition they need, depends on the species of the plant. Some species of Begonia prefer bright and indirect sunlight while some prefer full shade to part shade. Avoid placing it under the direct sun. It can damage the plant or scorch the leaves.
This plant likes to get morning sunlight and afternoon part shade. Plant the Begonia in a place where it can get proper air circulation.
These plants prefer regular waterings. Keep the soil moist all the time but not wet or saturated. Make sure that the pot has a proper drainage hole to prevent waterlogged.
Avoid too much-watering Begonia. Overwater can kill your begonia plant.
Water begonia at the base to avoid any fungal disease or leaf spots.
Let the top surface of the soil dry completely between watering.
These plants prefer warm temperatures. Avoid temperature below 60°F(16°C). Temperature below 60°F(16°C) can damage your Begonia.
Begonia prefers high humidity. To improve humidity around the plant, mist the plant regularly or place the plant in a pebble tray.
Feed your begonia plant in their growing season(summer) with diluted liquid fertilizer.
There is a drawback of this Begonia, they are toxic for both humans and pets. If pets ingest it, it can result in an extreme burning sensation in the mouth, swollen tongue or lips, vomiting in pets. To avoid any mishappening keep this plant far away from children and pets.
The plant is toxic because it contains some toxic chemicals like soluble calcium oxalate.
Pests and problems
Mealybugs, aphids, and mites are one of the most common enemies of Begonia. The majority of begonias are prone to fungal diseases.
To combat pests and fungal diseases, use an anti-fungal spray and remove all the dead and affected leaves so that damage can’t grow further.
Repotting and propagation
Repot is needed when the roots of the begonia plant fill the entire pot. It is obvious that a plant needs some space to grow more, and that’s why repotting is required.
Step 1: Take out the plant from the existing pot.
Step 2: Select a pot with a proper drainage hole and fill the half pot with a potting mix.
Step 3: Now, place the plant gently in the pot and fill the remaining half with potting soil.
Step 4: Provide appropriate water and light conditions for the plant.
Begonia can be propagated by many methods such as stem cuttings, leaf-cutting, and many more.
Here are the steps to follow for begonia propagation:
Stem cutting Method:
Step 1: Cut a healthy stem of the begonia plant, the stem should be at least 4 inches.
Step 2: Place the stem in a container filled with fresh water.
Step 3: Keep it in a proper location; avoid placing it in direct sunlight because direct sunlight can make the stem rot.
Step 4: Keep an eye on the cutting, change the water of the container weekly.
Step 5: Within a month, roots will appear from the stem, and now your step is ready to pot.
Step 1: Choose a mature and healthy leaf and cut it from where the leaf meets the stem.
Step 2: Prepare a pot, fill it with well-drained moist soil.
Step 3: Now, bury the petiole (stem of the leaf) in the soil. Don’t bury the entire blade, bury only the end portion of the leaf.
Step 4: Provide proper growing conditions; roots will start growing within a month.
Pruning is required to encourage growth and to maintain the proper size and shape of the plant. Remove the dead and withered leaves and the flower buds, and it helps to keep a healthy and good looking plant. You can prune leaves and flower buds by using your hand or sharp knife.
Benefits of the Begonia plant
Begonia plants have numerous health benefits. It is used to treat bronchitis, menstrual disorder, cold, digestive disorder, liver problems, dysentery, swelling, etc.
Begonia also used to brighten the skin.